This purple variety of quartz comes in a range of shades including deep purple, light lilac, lavender and mauve and is the most valued member of the quartz family. Amethyst is found in various localities including Brazil and Sri Lanka.
It is the official birthstone for February and is the suggested gem to give on the 4th, 6th and 17th wedding anniversaries.
Interesting Trivia: This gemstone is said to make the wearer gentle and amiable and amethyst powers include dreams, healing, peace, love, spiritual upliftment and happiness.
Aquamarine is a member of the beryl family and ranges in color from sea-green to today’s most valued colors of sky blue and dark blue. The best gem quality aquamarine is said to be found in Brazil but it is also found in locations like India, Pakistan and Madagascar.
It is the official gemstone for March and is the suggested gem to give on the 16th and 19th wedding anniversaries.
Interesting Trivia: Legend has it that aquamarines endow the wearer with foresight, courage and happiness and is said to increase intelligence.
This is the yellow or golden yellow variety of quartz and the color is responsible for the name derived from the word “citrus”. The best quality citrines are found in Brazil, Spain and Madagascar.
Check out Crysobel’s citrine briolette earrings.
Coral is made up of the skeletal remains of marine animals called coral polyps and come in red, pink, white, blue, black and gold with red coral being the most valuable. Most precious coral is found in warm waters like the waters off the Pacific islands and the African and Mediterranean coasts.
Interesting Trivia: Coral has been associated with the protection of children and parents may give a gift of coral to their young children.
Diamond is the hardest mineral on Earth and is considered to be one of the most prized and precious gems due to its luster and brilliance. The most popular diamond is the colorless variety, but other varieties in hues ranging from yellow and brown to green, blue, pink, red, grey and black exist. The color of the diamond depends on the impurities present. Diamonds are mostly found in central and southern Africa including locations like Sierra Leone. Diamonds are graded by the four Cs – color, cut, clarity and carat (weight).
Diamond is the official birthstone of April and is the suggested gem to be given for the 60th anniversary.
Interesting Trivia: Diamonds are the traditional emblems of fearlessness and virtue and today they are used to symbolize eternity and love, the main reason it is used in engagement and wedding rings.
Emerald is green due to the presence of chromium and vanadium and is known to be rarely flawless. Top quality emeralds are a deep grass green with a slightly bluish cast, but many lesser quality stones are lighter shades of green and can have a more yellowish tone. The world’s best emeralds are known to come from Columbia., though they are also found in Pakistan, Russia, South Africa and India among other locations.
Emerald is the official birthstone of May and is the suggested gem for 20th and 35th anniversaries and as an alternate stone for the 55th anniversary.
Interesting Trivia: Cleopatra prized emeralds above all other gems.
Garnets occur in every color except blue and most varieties are named for their color. Rhodolite is a purplish red, hessonite is the name for the orange, cinnamon or pink variety. Pyrope garnets are purplish red, orangy red, crimson or dark red. The orange-brown color of hessonite grossular garnet is due to manganese and iron inclusions. Garnets are found in a variety of locations including the U.S., South Africa and Burma. The best hessonite garnets are found in Sri Lanka.
Garnet is the official gemstone of January and is the suggested gem for 2nd and 6th wedding anniversaries.
Interesting Trivia: In earlier times, garnets were exchanged as gifts between friends to demonstrate their affection for each other and to insure that they meet again.
The violet-blue iolite has been referred to as the “water sapphire” because of its similarity to the blue sapphire when cut. Iolites occur in Sri Lanka, Burma and other localities like Namibia, and Finland.
Interesting Trivia: The iolite was known as the “gemstone of the Vikings” who used thin slices of iolite as polarizing filters to determine the exact position of the sun to help them navigate safely to the new world and back.
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Onyx comes from the Greek word “onyx” which means nail of a finger or claw. It is a chalcedony quartz that come in a variety of colors including white, dark brown and black. Today, when we refer to onyx, we usually are referring to black onyx found worldwide, but mostly in Brazil and India.
Onyx is the suggested gem for 7th and 10th wedding anniversaries.
Interesting Trivia: Legend says that one day while Venus was sleeping, Cupid cut her fingernails and left the clippings scattered on the ground. As no part of a heavenly body can die, the gods turned them into stone which later became known as onyx.
Opal is a hardened silica gel and unlike most gemstones, is non-crystalline in nature. There are two varieties of opals – precious opal, which shows flashes of iridescence and “potch” opal, which is opaque and displays no iridescence. Opals are commonly found in Australia.
Opal is the birthstone for October.
Interesting Trivia: An old Aboriginal legend suggests that when the creator came down to Earth on a rainbow in order to bring the message of peace to all humans, the stones came alive at the very spot his foot touched the ground and started sparkling the colors of the rainbow … and therein came about the birth of the opals.
Pearls are organic gems formed inside mollusks such as oysters and mussels. They are formed when an irritant such as a tiny stone or a bit of sand gets inside the mollusk’s shell and layers of a lustrous substance called nacre is coated onto the irritant thereby creating the hard pearl. Natural pearls are found along the coasts of Polynesia and both freshwater and saltwater pearls are cultivated in Japan and China.
Pearl is the official birthstone for the month of June and freshwater pearls are suggested for 1st, 3rd, 12th and 30th anniversaries.
Interesting Trivia: Pearls were once thought to be the tears of gods.
Check out Crysobel’s pearl and white gold hoops
Ruby is the name given to red, gem-quality corundum (all other colors of corundum are known as sapphires). Rubies may be any shade of red, from pinkish to purplish or brownish red, depending on certain content within the stone. Ruby is a tough mineral second only to diamond in hardness. Burma is the most famous source of rubies, but they can also be found in other locations like Sri Lanka.
Ruby is the official birthstone for the month of July.
Interesting Trivia: The ruby is known to symbolize passionate love.
Check out Crysobel’s ruby and pearl dome chandelier earrings
All gem quality corundum that is not red (ruby) is called a sapphire. While blue is the most popular color for sapphires, they actually come in a variety of hues including yellow, green, white, colorless, pink, orange, brown and purple. Padparadscha is the name for the rare orange-pink variety of sapphire that is found almost exclusively in Sri Lanka. The world’s best sapphires are known to come from Sri Lanka, though other locations include India, Brazil and Kenya.
Sapphire is the official birthstone for the month of September and is the gemstone suggested for 5th, 23rd and 45th wedding anniversaries.
Interesting Trivia: Most famously, Prince Charles presented Princess Diana with a sapphire engagement ring instead of the traditional solitaire diamond.
Topaz occurs in a range of colors with yellow and pink topaz as the most valuable while blue topaz is the most common, sometimes almost indistinguishable from an Aquamarine. Topaz is found in locations like Sri Lanka and Burma among other regions .
Topaz is the official birthstone for the month of November.
Interesting Trivia: The most famous topaz is actually a colorless topaz that was originally thought to be a diamond and is known as the “Braganza Diamond” set in the Portuguese Crown Jewels.
The name tourmaline comes from the Sri Lankan word “tura mali” which translates to stone of mixed colors. As the name indicates, tourmalines are available in a wide variety of colors from black to bluish-black, dark brown, yellow, blue green, yellow, pink and colorless. Tourmalines are found around the world including Sri Lanka, East Africa and Brazil.
Tourmalines are the suggested gemstone for the 8th wedding anniversary.
Interesting Trivia: Tourmalines are thought to inspire creativity and was used extensively as a talisman by artists and writers.
Check out Crysobel’s black tourmaline and filigree bangle bracelet and pink tourmaline square bangle bracelet.